Jamaican maternal lineages trace back mostly to Ghana?

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“In line with previous findings, the matriline of Jamaica is almost entirely of West African descent. Results from the admixture analyses suggest modern Jamaicans share a closer affinity with groups from the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin despite high mortality, low fecundity, and waning regional importation. The slaves from the Bight of Biafra and West-central Africa were imported in great numbers; however, the results suggest a deficit in expected maternal contribution from those regions.” (Deason et al., 2012)

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Ethnic Origins of Jamaican Runaway Slaves

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Jamaican Runaway Slaves 1718-1795

SUMMARY

Number of slaves 4,150
Creole (i.e. born in the Americas) 545
African specified ethnically/regionally 1,218

TOP 3 BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES

“Eboe” (Nigeria) 196 – 16% of African specified
“Congo” (Congo) 183 – 15% of African specified
“Coromantee” (Ghana) 166 – 14% of African specified
Source

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Antigua’s African Origins According To Moravian Church Records

Antiguans in Moravian Church Records 1757-1833 

Rebecca Protten (1718-1780), Moravian born in Antigua, she travelled back to Africa (Ghana) for missionary work.

SUMMARY

Number of (ex)slaves 11,180
Creole (i.e. locally born ) 7,925 (71% of total)
African 3,255 (29% of total)
African specified 2,914 (26% of total)

BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN (EX)SLAVES

Igbo (Nigeria) 894 – 31% of African specified
Kongo (Congo) 427 – 15% of African specified
Coromantee (Ghana) 390 – 13% of African specified
Source

The biggest documented source of African ethnicity among Antiguans doesn’t come from the official slave registers kept in between 1817-1832 because regrettably no records of country of birth were made then unlike the ones discussed already for Trinidad, Berbice, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts & Anguilla (see this overview). Rather it’s the Moravian Church records which Continue reading

St. Kitts & Anguilla Slave Census, least informative of African roots?

Saint Kitts Slave Census of 1817

SUMMARY

Number of slaves 20,168
Creole (i.e. born in the Americas) 16,928 (84% of total)
African 3,240 (16% of total)
African specified ethnically/regionally 2,886 (14% of total)

TOP 3 BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES

Kongo (Congo) 1,337 – 46% of African specified
Mandingo (Upper Guinea) 510 – 18% of African specified
Igbo (Nigeria) 440 – 15% of African specified
Source

Origins of African-born slaves St Litts 1817

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St. Lucia Slave Census of 1815 , reflecting English or French Slave Trade Patterns?

Saint Lucia Slave Census of 1815

SUMMARY

Number of slaves 16,282
Creole (i.e. born in the Americas) 12,750 (78% of total)
African 3,488 (21% of total)
African specified ethnically/regionally 2,638 (16% of total)

BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES

Ibo (Nigeria) 894 – 34% of African specified
Congo (Congo) 574 – 22% of African specified
Moco (Nigeria/Cameroon) 291 – 11% of African specified
Source

Origins of African-born slaves St Lucia 1815

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Guyanese Slave Census of 1819 , less specified but still representative?

Berbice (Guyana) Slave Census of 1819

SUMMARY

Number of slaves 23,881
Creole (i.e. born in the Americas) 10,954 (46% of total)
African 12,867 (54% of total)
African specified ethnically/regionally 1,198 (5% of total)

BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES

Kongo (Congo) 212 – 18% of African specified
Coromantee (Ghana) 139 – 12% of African specified
Popo (Benin/Togo) 113 – 9% of African specified
Source

Origins of African-born slaves Berbice 1819 Continue reading

Trinidad’s Slave Census of 1813 – Representative of African Ethnic Origins?

Trinidad Slave Census of 1813

SUMMARY

Number of slaves 25,696
Creole (i.e born in the West Indies) 11,633 (45% of total)
African 13,984 (54% of total)
African specified ethnically/regionally 13,391 (52% of total)

BREAKDOWN OF AFRICAN BORN SLAVES

Ibo (Nigeria) 2,861 – 21% of African specified
Congo (Congo) 2,449 – 18% of African specified
Moco (Nigeria/Cameroon) 2,234 – 17% of African specified
Source

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Origins of African-born slaves Trinidad 1813

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Continue for complete census details